As a practicing or aspiring poultry farmer, there are certain equipment that you must have for your project to succeed. Among these are waterers, water equipment, or drinkers. These are the category of equipment you will need for watering or supplying your flock with water for drinking. In this blog post, I describe four main types of drinkers: Pan and Jar, bell automatic waterer, nipple drinker, and manual drinker. Each of these drinkers differ in terms of their costs and, of cause, advantages and disadvantages. Without wasting your time, let’s look at each of them one by one.
Pan and jar type
The pan and jar type is highly essential low-cost option for delivering water to your flock. It consists of a base with a basin whose diameter ranges from 10-16 inches. The main advantage of pan and jar is in its ease of use. However, be sure to select the right size for your flock otherwise young chicks could fall into the water and get drowned.
Bell Type Automatic Waterer
The automatic waterer consists of a bell-shaped high-impact plastic suspended from a separate pipeline. It comes with numerous advantages over the pan and jar drinker as well as the manual waterer. For instance, the bell type automatic waterer can control the flow of water to ensure that a reliable amount is available for your chickens at any time.
Additionally, this drinker helps you to reduce the water loss due to spillages while also keeps your watering system clean. It has a simple clamp mechanism with a valve that you can use to adjust the water height. Also, notice that this drinker (and of cause many types of poultry drinkers) comes in red color for a purpose: chickens are attracted to red color. This means they are encouraged to drink from a red-colored drinker. Copele.com has a nice video demonstration of the different parts of this equipment.
Just as the name suggests, nipple drinkers look like a nipple. They are connected to the coop’s water system and when chickens press the nipple, water comes out and this allows them to drink without spilling much water on the floor. That’s why the nipple drinker is usable in all classes and types of coops.
In the cage system, each cage should be equipped with a drinker so that one nipple is shared among the chickens within the cage (usually three chickens). However, you can still use the nipple drinkers in a deep litter system in which case, you will need to attach the drinker to a cup to prevent water droplets from wetting up your wood shavings, chips or saw dust.
Manual drinkers or fountain drinkers, are the type of drinkers in which the filling has to be done manually through the use of hands. These drinkers come in different types (galvanized versus plastic), shapes, and sizes. They are highly useful for watering your chicks during the first week of brooding. Although working with manual drinkers can be tiresome, these drinkers provide you with some remarkable advantages. For instance, you can easily give medications and vitamins to your flock by adding it to the water. Typically, you need to put a drinker between every two feeders at a distance of 0.6m.
Now that you already know what kinds of drinker options are available for you, it is now time to choose the best alternative. For beginners with low startup capital, I highly recommend that you consider the manual drinker because of its low cost and ease of use.
I will be updating this blog post with more details on drinker prices as well as where you can get them at the lowest cost. So, don’t forget to revisit this post. Finally, I am always eager to hear from you and will be checking on the comment section for your replies. You can also contact me with questions or comments. Good luck in your poultry farming project!