Drawing up my first poultry farming plan, my first concern was about the equipment. Knowing the types of poultry equipment, you need to put in place before you start investing in poultry farming is obviously the one key issue you have to address as a startup farmer. In the following previous articles, I covered the three MUST HAVE poultry equipment: heaters or brooders, poultry drinkers, poultry feeders. It is highly recommended that you check the articles (link below) as they are very important.
Now, in this blog post, I will cover 14 other poultry equipment you may need to have depending on the needs of your farm. Without wasting more of your time, let’s begin!
The incubator is a poultry instrument for hatching eggs. Think of an incubator as an artificial hatching machine. This poultry equipment allows you to regulate conditions such as temperature, humidity, and ventilation to provide an ideal environment for bird eggs to hatch.
Poultry incubators vary according to a number of factors such as the manner in which air circulates and the manufacturer’s design. Based on air circulation, two types of poultry incubators are available: air-forced incubators and still-air incubators. Let’s look at each of these poultry incubators briefly.
The air-forced incubator is a type of poultry incubator with a fan included to control internal air circulation.
Unlike forced-air incubators, still-air incubators do not build an internal fan. The circulation of air occurs when warm, stale air rises and escapes while cooler, fresh air enters near the incubator base. Using a still-air incubator is quite tricky. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you carefully check the manufacturer’s guidelines before using the incubator. Knowing the right operation procedures and incubator performance is key.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT attempt to hatch a large number of expensive eggs using an incubator unless you have tested and confirmed the effectiveness of the incubator performance and your operating procedures using a small quantity of inexpensive eggs.
Other Types of Incubators
Air-forced and still-air incubators are the primary and most common types of incubators. However, it is worth noting that newer types of poultry incubators are available in the market. Two examples are drive-in-incubator and walk-in-incubator. There are also cabinet-type incubators with a capacity of up to 10,000 eggs. Many of these cabinet-type incubators have two compartments; one for use as nesting room and the other as the egg-laying chamber.
IMPORTANT: Pay special attention to humidity, temperature, ventilation, egg movements, and egg arrangement.
After eggs have been hatched, you may need to transport your chicks such as to the customers’ location. To do that, you will need to use a chick box. This poultry equipment can be made from crates or boxes with holes for air circulation so that you don’t lose your birds to suffocation.
A fly trap is used to trap flies around the poultry farm. There is no specific design for a fly trap. Jadhav Agrotech Plastic Poultry Garden House Fly Trap is an example of a fly trap to use in your poultry farm to control flies. This equipment may appear insignificant, but it is highly important. Note that the presence of large fly population can cause a number of challenges in your firm. For example, flies can cause stress, discomfort, and ecological and biological infections to egg-laying chickens, breeders, and pullets. Therefore, the movement you begin to notice an increasing fly population around your poultry farm especially near the coop or cages where the birds are, think of ways to manage the flies.
As the name suggests, an egg try is a tray-shaped equipment for holding and protecting eggs during shipping or transportation.
Poultry Incubator Controller
A poultry incubator controller is an equipment designed and developed for use in controlling the incubator. The advanced type, intelligent poultry incubator controller, is equipped with high-performance humidity and temperature sensors based on the latest micro-electronic technology for effective and reliable control. A poultry incubator displays humidity and temperature conditions.
In order to provide maximum ventilation in your poultry firm, you can use a ventilation fan. The width of the room affects the air inlets and the location of the fan. It is advisable to locate the fan in one sidewall, opposite the prevailing wind for a 40-feet wide building. If your coop is 50-feet wide or more, then try to have fans on both sidewalls. Also, make sure the fans are uniformly placed along the wall to provide better ventilation.
Laying nests are a must have equipment for poultry farmers who keep layers. This equipment provides the space where your layers will lay the eggs. A good laying nest should guarantee protection and safety of the eggs before collection. Also, if you choose the right laying nest, your productivity will be much higher.
The egg scale is a very useful equipment for poultry farmers who keep layers. As a startup farmer, you should know that not all eggs will be of equal weight. Usually, there will be some defective eggs, which are either underweight or overweight. These defective eggs are considered non-ideal for hatching. However, it is sometime impossible to know which eggs are defective just by looking. For this reason, you need an egg scale to help you sort out and group eggs into grade levels. As a poultry farmer, grading your eggs also makes it easy to market them.
Before the eggs are delivered to the market or customers, some may need washing and the egg washer is the equipment you will need to use. Water and egg washing powder are added to the egg washer and washed to remove dirt like chicken poops and other traces of dirt that may be caused due to unclear laying cabinet.